CCG is currently working on aspects of human rights abuses all over the country and also provides legal aid to Ugandans especially activists who are arrested for fighting for their rights and defending the constitution.
There is no observance of Human Rights in Uganda. Uganda has good laws on human rights and they are just not put in practice. This has been witnessed by the following situations that clearly showed violation of human rights in the Country.
Increased abuse of human rights by the state agencies such as police through arbitrary arrest by the police. This is seen in uncalled for tear gas and violent arrests, the new trend is of police officers and men including senior commanders beating and kicking civilians. This was evident several times including pouncing on Dr Besigye’s supporters and onlookers with electric cables and clubs after his release. For example, the police used unnecessary and disproportionate force in 2016 to disperse peaceful assemblies and demonstrations, sometimes result in the death of protesters and bystanders. They selectively enforce laws, including the Public Order Management Act 2013, and unjustifiably arrest, detain, and interfere with the movement of opposition politicians.
The State has an obligation to implement International Human Rights Through ratification of International human rights treaties, Governments undertake to put into place domestic measures and legislation compatible with their treaty obligations and duties. Where domestic legal proceedings fail to address human rights abuses, mechanisms and procedures for individual complaints or communications are available at the regional and international levels to help ensure that international human rights standards are indeed respected, implemented, and enforced at the local level.
The government of Uganda has put Laws in Place to Protect Human Rights. The big question is whether those Laws are actually implemented. The Government has domesticated the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Charter into the 1995 Constitution of The Republic of Uganda, enacted other Laws as well such as the prohibition of Torture Act among others.
Government also has continuously provided information about the affairs of state as this is even protected by the Access to information Act of 2013.
Government has established the Uganda Human Rights Commission a body instituted under Article 51 of the 1995 Constitution of The Republic of Uganda with Mandate to promote and protect Human Rights and with its functions and powers well defined by the constitution and it is established as an independent body under Article 54 and it is obligated under Article 52(2) of The 1995 constitution of the Republic of Uganda to publish periodic reports on its findings and submit annual reports to parliament on the state of human Rights and freedoms in the country.
First and foremost Human Rights should be protected and promoted by both the state and the people in the country equally and it should apply to all.
Secondly, the government should translate the constitution and widely disseminate it according to Article 4 of The 1995 Constitution of The Republic of Uganda and as well as other laws so as to create awareness of the constitution and ensure full acquaintance by the people of their rights.
There should also be continuous sensitization about the existence of human rights by both the government and the civil society organizations, Capacity building and education should also be done through formulation of human rights education programmes and other sensitization mechanisms.
Draconian laws such as the Public Order Management Act, The computer misuse Act and the NGO Act should be repealed to their level of inconsistencies under Article 2 of the constitution for being inconsistent with the constitution and principals of human rights and also there should be Harmonizing of national laws and practices with the international standards of human rights