Land conflicts are a widespread phenomenon, and can occur at any time or place. Both need and greed can equally lead to them, and scarcity and increases in land value can make things worse.
A land conflict can be defined as a social fact, in which at least two parties are involved, the roots of which are different interests over the property rights to land. This can be understood as a misuse, restriction or dispute over property rights to land
Scope of land problem:
Land conflicts occur in many forms. There are conflicts between single parties (as for instance boundary conflicts between neighbours), inheritance conflicts between siblings and disputes over the use of a given piece of land. These conflicts are comparably easy to solve. Those that include several parties though – such as group invasions or evictions of entire settlements – are more difficult to deal with. But by far the most complex land conflicts are those that include corrupt land administration and state capture.
There is a problem of asymmetry in land conflicts – the powerful vs. the poor. “Whatever the land law says, the ill-educated poor are usually defeated by the well-connected rich in any legal battle. There are quite a number of orphaned children turned to a relative after their parents died, only to find the relative apparently more interested in their property than in taking care of them
By Ms. Sarah Bireete
Deputy Executive Director (CCG)